KLS英語学習教室

英文法 【関係代名詞】に関する確認問題[Basic2]

問題数全8題/6題以上正答で確認完了!
【解答と解説】はこのページ(問題)の下にあります。

[1] Is the boy [who/whose/whom] is playing with a dog over there your son?

[2] A police officer is talking with the woman [who/whose/whom] daughter has been missing from the park.

[3] Do you know the man [whom/whose/which] I was talking with here yesterday?

[4] He took his son to the amusement park [what/whose/which] is very popular among children.

[5] I’m looking for a dictionary [that/whose/which] jacket is blue.

[6] In this town, there is an old church [which/who/whom] your grandfather designed.

[7] Is this the dictionary [that/what/whom] you are looking for?

[8] These are [that/which/what] have already been decided.
































【解答と解説】

[1] Is the boy [who/whose/whom] is playing with a dog over there your son?
「向こうで犬と遊んでいる少年があなたの息子ですか」
(答え)who
【関係代名詞】の構造は、次のように理解する(①+②=関係代名詞の文):
①Is the boy your son?
The boy is playing with a dog over there.

①Is <the boy=先行詞(人)> your son?
②<The boy⇒関係代名詞に変える> is playing with a dog over there.
<the boy(主語)⇒he(主格)⇒ who(主格の関係代名詞)>
Is the boy [who is playing with a dog over there] your son?

[2] A police officer is talking with the woman [who/whose/whom] daughter has been missing from the park.
「公園から娘が行方不明になってしまった母親から警察官が話を聞いているところだ」
(答え)whose
【関係代名詞】の構造は、次のように理解する(①+②=関係代名詞の文):
①A police officer is talking with the woman.
The woman’s daughter has been missing from the park.

①A police officer is talking with <the woman=先行詞(人)>.
②<The woman’s⇒関係代名詞に変える> daughter has been missing from the park.
<The woman’s(「~の」という意味)⇒Her(所有格)⇒whose(所有格の関係代名詞)>
A police officer is talking with the woman [whose daughter has been missing from the park].

[3] Do you know the man [whom/whose/which] I was talking with here yesterday?
「あなたは昨日私がここで話をしていた男性を知っていますか」
(答え)whom
【関係代名詞】の構造は、次のように理解する(①+②=関係代名詞の文):
①Do you know the man?
②I was talking with the man here yesterday.

①Do you know <the man=先行詞(人)>?
②I was talking with <the man⇒関係代名詞に変えて、先行詞の後ろ(②の文の先頭)へ> here yesterday.
<the man(目的語)⇒him(目的格)⇒whom(目的格の関係代名詞)>
Do you know the man [(whom) I was talking with here yesterday]?
(注)口語では、「目的格」にwhoを使うことも可能。ただし、上のような文では、一般的に、whom(who)は省略される(目的格の関係代名詞は省略することができる)。

[4] He took his son to the amusement park [what/whose/which] is very popular among children.
「彼は息子を、子供たちの間で非常に人気のあるアミューズメントパークに連れて行った」
(答え)which
【関係代名詞】の構造は、次のように理解する(①+②=関係代名詞の文):
①He took his son to the amusement park.
The amusement park is very popular among children.

①He took his son to <the amusement park=先行詞(人以外)>.
②<The amusement park⇒関係代名詞に変える> is very popular among children.
<The amusement park(主語)⇒It(主格)⇒which(主格の関係代名詞)>
He took his son to the amusement park [which is very popular among children].

[5] I’m looking for a dictionary [that/whose/which] jacket is blue.
「カバーが青の辞書を探しています」
(答え)whose
【関係代名詞】の構造は、次のように理解する(①+②=関係代名詞の文):
①I‘m looking for a dictionary.
A dictionary’s jacket is blue.

①I’m looking for <a dictionary=先行詞(人以外)>.
②<A dictionary’s⇒関係代名詞に変える> jacket is blue.
<A dictionary’s(「~の」という意味)⇒Its(所有格)⇒whose(所有格の関係代名詞)>
I’m looking for a dictionary [whose jacket is blue].
(注)「関係代名詞」のthatには「所有格」はない。
(注)「(本の)カバー」を英語では“(book) jacket”又は”dust jacket”という。“cover”は、「(本の)表紙」という意味。

[6] In this town, there is an old church [which/who/whom] your grandfather designed.
「この町には、あなたのおじいさんが設計した古い教会があります」
(答え)which
【関係代名詞】の構造は、次のように理解する(①+②=関係代名詞の文):
①In this town, there is an old church.
②Your grandfather designed an old church.

①In this town, there is <an old church=先行詞(人以外)>.
②Your grandfather designed <an old church⇒関係代名詞に変えて、先行詞の後ろ(②の文の先頭)へ>.
<an old church(目的語)⇒it(目的格)⇒which(目的格の関係代名詞)>
In this town, there is an old church [(which) your grandfather designed].
(注)上のような文では、一般的に(口語では)、whichは省略される(目的格の関係代名詞は省略することができる)。

[7] Is this the dictionary [that/what/whom] you are looking for?
「これがあなたが探している辞書ですか」
(答え)that
【関係代名詞】の構造は、次のように理解する(①+②=関係代名詞の文):
①Is this the dictionary?
②You are looking for the dictionary.

①Is this <the dictionary=先行詞(人以外)>?
②You are looking for <the dictionary⇒関係代名詞に変えて、先行詞の後ろ(②の文の先頭)へ>.
<the dictionary(目的語)⇒it(目的格)⇒that(目的格の関係代名詞)>
Is this the dictionary [(that) you are looking for]?
(注)「関係代名詞」のthatは、【先行詞】が「人」又は「人以外(もの・事・動物)」の両方(ただし、主格か目的格)の場合に使える。
(注)上の文は、(目的格の関係代名詞の)whichと交換可能。ただし、口語では、目的格の関係代名詞は省略されることが多い。

[8] These are [that/which/what] have already been decided.
「これらはすでに決まったことです」
(答え)what
【関係代名詞】のwhatの意味と構造を理解する。関係代名詞の“what”は、そのなかに物・事柄を表す先行詞thing(s)”を含んで、「(する・である)もの・こと」という意味で用いる。つまり、【what…】=【the thing(s) which…】と理解する:
① These are the things.+②The things have already been decided.
These are the things [which have already been decided]. These are [what have already been decided].

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